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Reference Details
Lopez-Anido R., Michael A., Sandford T., Goodell B. 2005. "Repair of Wood Piles with Prefabricated FRP Composite Shells", Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, 19: 78-87.

Abstract:
An effective method for combined environmental protection and structural restoration of wood piles in waterfront facilities is not available. The objective of the study presented in this paper is to survey the available methods for wood pile protection and structural restoration with the intent of developing an effective method. In addition to reviewing the available repair methods, a field inspection of a harbor in Maine was conducted to assess existing technologies. A wood pile repair method that utilizes bonded fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite shells and a grouting material is proposed. Fiber, resin, adhesive, coating, and grouting materials are systematically analyzed to deliver the required system performance. Two fabrication methods for the FRP composite shells are discussed based on the experience gained in the fabrication of laboratory prototypes. Then a step-by-step procedure amenable for field installation is proposed, and a. preliminary cost analysis is conducted to assess the feasibility of the proposed system.
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